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INTRODUCTION

In pest control maintenance program, the application of first and second line of defense is very vital for the success of the program.

The first line of defense includes:

A sound sanitation program that removes pest harborages, food and water supply that attracts and support a pest population. It also eliminates the debris and spillages that provide nesting, hiding places and food. Poor sanitation usually results in poor pest control.

A sound construction program for new or rebuilt structures creates a barrier that prevents pests from entering the facility. It also impedes or eliminates their element within the building.

 A sound maintenance program assures that breaks in construction barriers  are  promptly sealed. For example, external holes allow pests to enter the wall and to move at will until an internal opening is found.

A sound exclusion program prevents the entry of pests through windows, doors, vents and on in-coming goods. Screens on windows, fly air curtains and self-closing, tight- fitting doors are exclusion devices, as is systematic inspection of in-coming goods.

The second line of defense includes:

Application of pesticides in a variety of forms and formulations depending on the type  of pest infestation encountered.

 Appropriate methods and techniques to be used to deposit the pesticides at the most effective sites.

Knowledgeable serviceman to report, takes appropriate action, and monitors the pest situation.

Give professional advice, effective recommendations coupled with speedy, safe and courteous service aimed at providing the highest quality of service our clients deserve.

Homes are often considered to be our biggest lifetime investment. Yet, if you own a business, you know how critical it is to protect this investment -- essentially your  livelihood!  From building a positive reputation to increasing your revenue, your clients and customers are at the heart of what you do. The incidence of pests and rodents in your businesses can affect the way your customers view you and your company. Further, pests and rodents can pose serious risks to the health of your employees and the safety of your property. Even though pests and  rodents are small in stature, their affect on your business bottom line can be enormous.

IPM (Integrated Pest Management) is a common sense way for businesses to address pest and rodent problems. This method of pest control offers sound solutions, which focus on three key techniques:

1) Inspection
2) Identification
3) Treatment

A more complete approach to pest control, IPM bases its recommendations on your business’ unique needs. Frontier Biz World do not use a “one size fits all” approach - whether sealing cracks, removing a food or water source or, when necessary, employing pesticide treatments, IPM is about finding the best and most comprehensive treatment of pest problems.

Based on our survey conducted, a tailor-made IPM program has been drawn up to include recommendations for non-chemical measures – to be implemented by clients; besides the selection and careful application of suitable pesticides using technologically advance treatment methods.

Our professional service technicians are well-trained to give you the highest quality of service that you deserve.

P.S. All pesticides  used  are  registered  with  the  Pesticide  Board  of  Malaysia  and  are  applied in accordance with the recommended dosage.

COCKROACHES

AMERICAN-COCKCROACHESFossil evidence shows that cockroaches have existed almost unchanged for more than 250 million years and have been described as “God’s Perfect Creature”. They are amazingly adaptable and hard and can live and breed under hostile conditions.

The three main pest types in building are:
American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana)   German Cockroach (Blattala Germanica)

Brown Banded Cockroach (Supella Longipalpa)

They prefer a warm and moist habitat close to food sources eg. kitchens, rubbish chutes and toilets. Due to their close association with filth (feeding and breeding in highly unsanitary environment like sewers, garbage dumps and drains) and their indiscriminate wandering in kitchens and pantry, they are capable of spreading diseases.
Indicators of their existence are the tell-tale odor, droppings, egg capsules (ootheca), damage packaging especially of food and moulted body shells.

COCKROACHES CHEMICAL CONTROL

The first line of defense against cockroaches is their restriction from entering into the premises by the implementation of good sanitation, construction, maintenance and exclusion programme. Frontier Biz World  is a strong advocate for sanitation and removal of pests harbourage sites in and around the premises.
The second line of defense include the application of suitable pesticides to strategic positions (where cockroaches harbour, as well as known and potential breeding sites). Insecticidal spray would be applied to areas where spraying can be carried out. This leaves an insecticidal  deposits having long residual action. Such deposits are capable of killing young cockroaches (nymphs) which may hatch weeks after our treatment. Insecticidal dusts would be applied to  dry harbourages and the undisturbed deposits would remain effective for many weeks.
The use of safe, environmental friendly and residual pesticides would be applied by our trained serviceman, having a working knowledge of pests’ behaviour and control strategies. This involves finding the structural defects and other potential trouble spots that might need to be physically corrected by clients after proper chemical treatment.
The selection of chemical preparations to be used depends mainly on the type of pests infestation encountered.

RECOMMENDATION FOR THE RESTRICTION OF COCKROACH

Control must include precautions to restrict the import of crawling insects into the premises. This is their main method of entry. Cockroaches and most Stored Product Pests do not travel far on their own; they rely on our life-style for transport in goods, cartons and packages.
They may however penetrate adjacent parts of a building through the most minute apertures. Walls, floors and ceiling should have the smoothest possible surfaces which are impervious and without crevices.
Expansion and contraction joints should be filled with a material which is matic, and allows for movements.
Restriction of insects involves the careful selection and use of materials to provide smooth, impervious surface whenever possible, devoid of cracks and crevices where insects can hide, breed and feed. Covings at wall floor junction reduce the accumulation of debris and assist effective cleaning.
Tiled surfaces which are not properly grouted provide harbourage for cockroaches, particularly where higher than average temperatures prevail.
Leaks from roof, gutters, gullies or pipes which are damp encourage mould growth which insects can feed on.

RODENT

In an urban setting, rodent refer to the commensal brown rat (or sewer rat, Rattus Norvegicus), the roof rat (Rattus rattus) and the house mouse (Mus musculus). Given ideal conditions, one pair of rodent can produce up to 2,000 offsping in only one year.
Their high agility enables a young mouse to enter a building throught a 1 cm sq. gap with great ease. They are disease-carrying pests because they live and breed in highly unhygienic places
e.g. sewers and garbage dumps and hence pose a threat to our health. Diseases like jaundice, Weil’s Disease, the well known plague and the lesser–known hantaviral infections with influenza-type symptoms are associated with rodents. What is not widely known are the fire- hazards they cause when sharpening their chisel–like tooth on electrical wirings and insulations.
Sighting of the nocturnal creatures in the day signals heavy infestation simply because they are acting against their nature to forage for food when their enemies, especially people, are most active.
Tell-tale signs of invasion are their droppings (a rat produces about 50 droppings within 24 hours), odor of urine, damage to packaging especially food, gnaw marks, smear marks and burrow tracks.

RODENT CHEMICAL CONTROL

The first line of defense against rodent invasion includes proper sanitation to limit the pest food and water; practising good housekeeping to minimize harbourages and breeding sites; proper maintenance and more importantly, exclusion measures to prevent them from getting in.
The second lines of defense employs the use of an anti-coagulant rodenticide (slow action poison) and are held inside bait stations. The bait stations would be placed extensively at strategic positions to intercept the rodent.
After consuming the right quantity of baits, the rodent would die from internal hemorrhaging in about a few days to a week. The delayed killing action has the advantage that the rodent would not develop any “bait shyness“. Besides giving a greater margin of safety against accidental poisoning – antidote being Vit. K1; the rodenticides are effective against warfarin resistance rats (warfarin being the active ingredient in most rodenticides found on the market shelves).
Other measures like the application of rodenticidal dust into rodent burrows and the use of fumigant, traps or glue would be deployed if the need arises.

RECOMMENDATION FOR THE RESTRICTION OF RODENTS

The first requirement is attention to the area surrounding the building. Piles of rubbish, timber or other materials should not be allowed to accumulate. Redundant equipment should be removed or properly stored. Items such as pallets will harbour rodent if not adequately stacked and the area inspected .
Rodents often gain access to cavitied through cables or pipe holes which have not been sealed, or through air-bricks or ventilator grilles. Entry to the inside of the building is often accomplished by these means, and mice can squeeze through a ½” gap with ease. Thus to minimise the risk of rodent entry, all doors should have a working clearance of no more than 1/8”.
External pipes require “back inlet gullies” at the ground level where they drain water, of wire- mesh where they act as ventilation pipes.
Internal pipes and cables can allow access unless they are tightly sealed where they pass through walls, floors or ceilings and special attention must be given to vertical ducts which  allow free movement by rats and mice from one floor of the building to the next.

ANTS

Ants have always been considered a major nuisance to residents of homes and offices. Various studies have also reputed that ants are potential mechanical vector of diseases by carrying bacteria such as Pseudomonas, Salmonella, etc. This is due to their habit of roaming from one place to another in search of food.
With the rise of living standard in Malaysia, the public is becoming more aware of the importance of pests like ants.
Ants, like honey bees, and termites, are social insects and live in colonies. The colonies are usually found in ground or in wood, but may also be located in debris, or in buildings. In order to survive, all castes must live together in unity. The most common caste sighted by man is the worker ants. Winged ants (alates) are the potential King and Queen swarming in search for new nesting sites to form a new colony. This castle is often seen when the humidity in the environment is high, like after a rain.
Tell-tale signs of infestation are their presence, occasionally the wings of the swarmers that drop off after flight. Some species of ants create mud tunnels to protect themselves from sunlight and dehydration. The tunnel is different from those of termites in that it is comparatively “loose” in texture.

ANTS CHEMICAL CONTROL

Direct treatment or the removal of the source of the problem; be it chemical or physical removal of the nests, is the best way to curb the ants problem.
However, ant nests are not easily accessible and sometimes there are numerous entries to a single nest or there are numerous hidden nests.
Before an attempt to chemically treat against ants, it is important that sanitation is practiced. This involves the removal of all foodstuff and water sources of the ants. These sanitary efforts will encourage the foraging of ants, thereby “cross-over” the treated areas. Chemical treatment involves the use of a safe environment friendly and effective pesticide applied to the right places against the target pest. Residual effect of the chemical would need to be reinforced regularly to give continuous protection against the ants.
At strategic area where liquid chemicals cannot be applied due to the risk of contamination, we will replace it with a special formulated ants gel bait to be applied at all risk areas to control the ants infestation.

RECOMMENDATION FOR THE RESTRICTION OF COCKROACH

Control must include precautions to restrict the import of crawling insects into the premises. This is their main method of entry. Cockroaches and most Stored Product Pests do not travel far on their own; they rely on our life-style for transport in goods, cartons and packages.
They may however penetrate adjacent parts of a building through the most minute apertures. Walls, floors and ceiling should have the smoothest possible surfaces which are impervious and without crevices.
Expansion and contraction joints should be filled with a material which is matic, and allows for movements.
Restriction of insects involves the careful selection and use of materials to provide smooth, impervious surface whenever possible, devoid of cracks and crevices where insects can hide, breed and feed. Covings at wall floor junction reduce the accumulation of debris and assist effective cleaning.
Tiled surfaces which are not properly grouted provide harbourage for cockroaches, particularly where higher than average temperatures prevail.
Leaks from roof, gutters, gullies or pipes which are damp encourage mould growth which insects can feed on.